Module 6: Freedom
About this Text
This week we have two 20th century philosophers, each of whom offers a different way of analyzing different views of liberty. In “Two Concepts of Liberty,” Isaiah Berlin describes two basic types of arguments about freedom or liberty: positive liberty and negative liberty. In the pdf linked below, read “The Notion of Negative Freedom” (pp. 15-22) and “The One and the Many” (pp. 29-34). See if you can figure out where the views of Rousseau, Mill and Marx fall in these categories. One thing to keep in mind: Berlin is arguing that “positive” liberty is the more dangerous view and that we should stick with “negative” liberty.
Excerpts from Isaiah Berlin, “Two Concepts of Liberty”