Unit 3: Articles, Simple Past
These are the words similar to the indefinite article in the way they take or do not take endings. They are:
|dein||your (singular and familiar)|
|sein||his / its|
|ihr||her / its / their|
|euer||your (plural and familiar)|
|kein||not a, no, not any|
Using mein as our example ein-word our chart looks as follows (compare with the indefinite article chart in Unit 2):
Points to remember:
- Ein– words with no endings are always either nominative singular or accusative singular.
- The ending –em on both ein– words and der– words is unique to dative singular.
- The ending –es with the noun adding an –s or –es is unique to genitive singular.
When euer has an ending, the stem changes to eur-. Examples:
Euer Kind bekommt gute Noten.
Your child gets good grades.
Eure Freunde kommen bald.
Your friends are coming soon.
- Because German nouns are gendered, pronouns referring to them are also gendered. Review Unit 1, section 4, Note #2)” and keep in mind that sein/ihr references might best be translated as “its.”
Take the memorization advice from Unit 2 and expand your memorization task to include possessive pronouns. You should be noticing that the possessive pronouns, too, fit the general German spelling patterns for gender, case, and number distinctions.