First conjugation of regular verbs
The infinitives of these verbs end in —are, and the present tense endings are –o, –i, –a, –iamo, –ate, –ano. These endings are attached to the stem of the infinitive (the stem is the infinitive minus —are).
parlare (to speak, or to talk); stem: parl–
This category (–are) constitutes by far the largest group of Italian verbs. Each present-tense form has three possible translations: parlo may be translated by “I speak,” “I am speaking,” or “I do speak,” depending on the context.
The following are some fairly common first-conjugation verbs. Note that several are easily recognizable cognates; the others should be learned.
accompagnare to accompany fumare to smoke
accusare to accuse guardare to look (at)
amare to love lavorare to work
ascoltare to listen (to) presentare to present
aspettare to wait (for) spiegare to explain
cantare to sing studiare to study
cercare to look (for) trovare to find
cominciare to begin usare to use
comprare to buy
Verbs like cercare and spiegare, whose stem ends in c or g, add an h before verb endings that begin with i: (noi) cerchiamo; (tu) spieghi. Verbs like cominciare and studiare, with infinitives that end in –iare, add nothing in the 2nd person singular and only –amo in the 1st person plural: (tu) cominci; (noi) studiamo.
|arancia (pl., arance)