Unit 1: Introduction

1.4 Punctuation and Capitalization

  1. An inverted question mark is placed at the beginning of a sentence to indicate intonation:
    • ¿Estás listo?
    • Are you ready?
  2. An inverted exclamation is placed before exclamations for the same reason:
    • ¡Qué bien hablan!
    • How well they speak
  3. An initial dash is usually used instead of quotations marks to indicate dialogue:
    • -¿Vas o no vas?
    • “Are you going or not?
    • -No, me quedo aquí.
    • “No, I’m staying here.”
  4. Spanish does not use capital letters in the following cases in which English does:

1. Days of the week:

      • Hoy es viernes.
      • Today is Friday.

2. Months of the year:

      • Mañana comienza abril.
      • April begins tomorrow.

3. Adjectives of nationality:

      • Hugo es uruguayo.
      • Hugo is Uruguayan.

4. Names of languages:

      • El húngaro no es fácil.
      • Hungarian is not easy.

5. Titles:

      • El señor Sotomayor vino hoy.
      • Mr. Sotomayor came today.


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