Unit 12: More uses of SE, future and conditional tenses

Unit 12: Basic Vocabulary

Vocabulario básico


bien educado well mannered*
familiar family, pertaining to the family (false friend)
íntimo close (friend), intimate
malcriado ill-behaved
mal educado ill mannered*
siguiente following
tal such, such a
unido close-knit

*Traditionally educado has referred to manners and educación to social skills. (Instruido has been the adjective used to mean “educated” and instrucción the noun to mean “education.”) As Spanish evolves, educado and educación are now routinely heard and written with the meaning of “educated” and “education.” Rely on context (or, occasionally, date of the text) to determine the meaning.


efectivamente in fact (false friend)


a lo mejor at best, most likely
los años + multiple of 10 the _____s [decade] Ex. the 60s; the 1960s
cumplir años to have a birthday
es difícil que is unlikely that (versus: es difícil- it’s difficult/hard)
es fácil que it’s likely that (versus: es fácil- it’s easy)
estar a cargo (de) to be in charge (of)
yo, de usted (él, ella, etc.)* if l were you (he, she, etc.)

*This expression usually takes the place of the imperfect subjunctive (see section 13.4) or, occasionally, the past perfect subjunctive (see section 15.1), in which case it means “If I had been you (he, she, etc.)”.


dentro de within
frente a in the face of
mediante by means of, through


la amistad friendship (cognate: amity)
el amor love (cognate: amorous)
el apellido last name
el apodo nickname
el familiar family member, intimate friend (false friend)
el intento attempt (false friend)
la red net, network, Internet


acudir to come (to the rescue), to help, to aid
añorar to yearn for
apreciar to appreciate, to esteem, to hold in esteem
compartir to share
cortar(se) to cut (oneself)
cumplir to fulfill; to accomplish
despreciar to scorn, to look down on, to disdain, to deprecate
disminuir to diminish
echar de menos to miss (a person or place)
enterarse (de) to find out (about)
extrañar to miss (a person or place)
fracasar to fail
ignorar to be ignorant, not to know (false friend)*
lograr to obtain, to achieve, to manage (to do something)
luchar to struggle, to fight
recoger to pick up, to gather

*These are the traditional meanings of ignorar. Recently it has been used by some with the meaning that corresponds to the English, “not to pay attention to,” which will likely become standard in parts of the Spanish-speaking world.


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