Unit 17: Additional grammatical structures

17.4 Second Person Plural (Vosotros) Commands

Vosotros commands are largely heard or appear written in dialogue in Spain. Affirmative vosotros commands are simple to recognize as they are the only verb form in Spanish that ends in a –d. For all verbs, the –of the infinitive is dropped and a –d is put in its place. As is the case of all negative commands, negative vosotros commands takes the present subjunctive.

Llegad a tiempo. Arrive on time.
No lleguéis todavía. Don’t arrive yet.
Comed todo. Eat everything.
No comáis ahora. Don’t eat now.
Id ahora. Go now
No vayáis hasta la una. Don’t go until 1:00.

In affirmative vosotros commands used reflexively, the –is dropped. Therefore, for example, levantad os Levantaos. (“Get up.”) Acostad os Acostaos (“Go to bed”), etc. The only exception occurs with the infinitive irse (“to leave,” “to go away”), in which the –is retained: Idos = “Go away.”


Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Spanish for Reading and Translation Copyright © by Board of Regents of the University of Wisconsin System is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.

Share This Book