Sura ya nane 
SARUFI: MNYAMBULIKO WA KUFANYANA
MNYAMBULIKO WA KUFANYUA
The Reciprocal Form
The Reciprocal form (Mnyambuliko wa Kufanyana) expresses interaction, and is marked by – an –.
penda, love pendana, love each other/one another
busu, kiss busiana, kiss (each other)
samehe, forgive sameheana, forgive each other
kubali, agree kubaliana, agree (with each other)
pa, give peana, give each other
Walipomaliza kusalimiana Zakaria alitikisa kichwa.
When they had greeted each other Zakaria shook his head.
–> salimu, greet
They looked into each other’s eyes.
–> tazama, look
Tulionana naye. 1. We saw each other/met with him/her. (2 people involved)
2. We saw/met with him/her.(3 or more people involved)
Zoezi 1: Tunga sentensi ukitumia vitenzi vifuatavyo katika kauli ya kufanyana/kutendana. Construct sentences using the following verbs in the reciprocal.
The reversive (also called inversive) or kauli ya kufanyua is used to suggest the opposite or reverse of the root verb. Reversives/inversives are opposites/antonyms of the reversed verbs.
For example: Fungua mlango (open the door) is the reversive of Funga mlango (close the door). Fungua is the opposite of funga.
Other examples: vaa/vua (dress/undress), kunja/kunjua (fold/unfold), kwama/kwamua (get stuck/get unstuck), funika/funua (cover/uncover), komea/komoa (latch/unlatch, bolt/unbolt), choma/chomoa (pierce with knife, arrow, spear, etc./pull out knife/arrow/spear, etc).
From the examples above, you see that if the verb root has ‘e’ or ‘o’, ‘o’ is used as the suffix ( see komea/komoa and choma/chomoa), while the rest take ‘u’ as the suffix.
Zoezi 1: State the reversive of the following verbs.
Zoezi 2: Fill in the blanks with the correct simple form of the inversive used in the sentence.
- Nilitoa pesa ambazo mama alikuwa ame_____ kwenye bahasha.
- Baba ali____ shimo hilo lakini mbwa wetu alilizibua.
- Fumbo m____ mjinga, mwerevu atalifumbua.
- Uzi huu uli____, dada akachukua muda mrefu kuutatua.
- Wakati wa asubuhi sisi hu______ nguo na kuzianua jioni.