Appendix F: Standard Thermodynamic Properties

Thermodynamic Values for Select Compounds

at 298.15 K.

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Species fH° (kJ/mol) S° (J K−1 mol−1) fG° (kJ/mol)

Aluminum

Al(s)

0

28.275

0

Al3+(aq)

531

321.7

485

AlCl3(s)

704.2

110.67

628.8

Al2O3(s, corundum)

1675.7

50.92

1582.3

Argon

Ar(g)

0

154.843

0

Ar(aq)

12.1

59.4

16.4

Barium

BaCl2(s)

858.6

123.68

810.4

BaO(s)

553.5

70.42

525.1

BaSO4(s)

1473.2

132.2

1362.2

BaCO3(s)

1216.3

112.1

85.35

Beryllium

Be(s)

0

9.5

0

Be(OH)2(s)

902.5

51.9

815

Bromine

Br(g)

111.884

175.022

82.396

Br2()

0

152.231

0

Br2(g)

30.907

245.463

3.110

Br2(aq)

2.59

130.5

3.93

Br(aq)

121.55

82.4

103.96

BrCl(g)

14.64

240.10

0.98

BrF3(g)

255.6

292.53

229.43

HBr(g)

36.40

198.695

53.45

Calcium

Ca(s)

0

41.42

0

Ca(g)

178.2

158.884

144.3

Ca2+(g)

1925.9

Ca2+(aq)

542.83

53.1

553.58

CaC2(s)

59.8

69.96

64.9

CaCO3(s, calcite)

1206.92

92.9

1128.79

CaCl2(s)

795.8

104.6

748.1

CaF2(s)

1219.6

68.87

1167.3

CaH2(s)

186.2

42

147.2

CaO(s)

635.09

39.75

604.03

CaS(s)

482.4

56.5

477.4

Ca(OH)2(s)

986.09

83.39

898.49

Ca(OH)2(aq)

1002.82

74.5

868.07

CaSO4(s)

1434.11

106.7

1321.79

Carbon

C(s, graphite)

0

5.74

0

C(s, diamond)

1.895

2.377

2.9

C(g)

716.682

158.096

671.257

CCl4()

135.44

216.4

65.21

CCl4(g)

102.9

309.85

60.59

CHCl3()

134.47

201.7

73.66

CHCl3(g)

103.14

295.71

70.34

CH4(g, methane)

74.81

186.264

50.72

C2H2(g, ethyne)

226.73

200.94

209.2

C2H4(g, ethene)

52.26

219.56

68.15

C2H6(g, ethane)

84.68

229.6

32.82

C3H8(g, propane)

103.8

269.9

23.49

C4H10(g, butane)

126.148

310.227

16.985

C6H6(, benzene)

49.03

172.8

124.5

C6H14(, hexane)

198.782

296.018

4.035

C8H18(g, octane)

208.447

466.835

16.718

C8H18(, octane)

249.952

361.205

6.707

CH3OH(, methanol)

238.66

126.8

166.27

CH3OH(g, methanol)

200.66

239.81

161.96

CH3OH(aq, methanol)

245.931

133.1

175.31

C2H5OH(, ethanol)

277.69

160.7

174.78

C2H5OH(g, ethanol)

235.1

282.7

168.49

C2H5OH(aq, ethanol)

288.3

148.5

181.64

C6H12O6(s, glucose)

1274.4

235.9

917.2

CH3COO(aq)

486.01

86.6

369.31

CH3COOH(aq)

485.76

178.7

396.46

CH3COOH()

484.5

159.8

389.9

CO(g)

110.525

197.674

137.168

CO2(g)

393.509

213.74

394.359

H2CO3(aq)

699.65

187.4

623.08

HCO3(aq)

691.99

91.2

586.77

CO32(aq)

677.14

56.9

527.81

HCOO(aq)

425.55

92.0

351.0

HCOOH(aq)

425.43

163

372.3

HCOOH()

424.72

128.95

361.35

CS2(g)

117.36

237.84

67.12

CS2()

89.70

151.34

65.27

COCl2(g)

218.8

283.53

204.6

Cesium

Cs(s)

0

85.23

0

Cs+(g)

457.964

CsCl(s)

443.04

101.17

414.53

Chlorine

Cl(g)

121.679

165.198

105.68

Cl(g)

233.13

Cl(aq)

167.159

56.5

131.228

Cl2(g)

0

223.066

0

Cl2(aq)

23.4

121

6.94

HCl(g)

92.307

186.908

95.299

HCl(aq)

167.159

56.5

131.228

ClO2(g)

102.5

256.84

120.5

Cl2O(g)

80.3

266.21

97.9

ClO(aq)

107.1

42.0

36.8

HClO(aq)

120.9

142

79.9

ClF3(g)

163.2

281.61

123.0

Chromium

Cr(s)

0

23.77

0

Cr2O3(s)

1139.7

81.2

1058.1

CrCl3(s)

556.5

123

486.1

Copper

Cu(s)

0

33.15

0

Cu2+(aq)

64.77

–99.6

65.49

CuO(s)

157.3

42.63

129.7

CuS(s)

43.1

66.5

53.6

CuCl2(s)

220.1

108.07

175.7

CuSO4(s)

771.36

109

661.8

Fluorine

F2(g)

0

202.78

0

F(g)

78.99

158.754

61.91

F(g)

255.39

F(aq)

332.63

13.8

278.79

F2O(g)

24.7

247.43

41.9

HF(g)

271.1

173.779

273.2

HF(aq, un-ionized)

320.08

88.7

296.82

HF(aq, ionized)

332.63

13.8

278.79

Hydrogen

H2(g)

0

130.684

0

H2(aq)

4.2

57.7

17.6

HD(g)

0.318

143.801

1.464

D2(g)

0

144.960

0

H(g)

217.965

114.713

203.247

H+(g)

1536.202

H+(aq)

0

0

0

OH(aq)

229.994

10.75

157.244

H2O()

285.83

69.91

237.129

H2O(g)

241.818

188.825

228.572

H2O2()

187.78

109.6

120.35

H2O2(aq)

191.17

143.9

134.03

HO2(aq)

160.33

23.8

67.3

HDO()

289.888

79.29

241.857

D2O()

294.600

75.94

243.439

Iodine

I2(s)

0

116.135

0

I2(g)

62.438

260.69

19.327

I2(aq)

22.6

137.2

16.40

I(g)

106.838

180.791

70.25

I(g)

197

I(aq)

55.19

111.3

51.57

I3(aq)

51.5

239.3

51.4

HI(g)

26.48

206.594

1.70

HI(aq, ionized)

55.19

111.3

51.57

IF(g)

95.65

236.17

118.51

ICl(g)

17.78

247.551

5.46

ICl()

23.89

135.1

13.58

IBr(g)

40.84

258.773

3.69

ICl3(s)

89.5

167.4

22.29

Iron

Fe(s)

0

27.78

0

FeO(s, wustite)

266.27

57.49

245.12

Fe2O3(s, hematite)

824.2

87.4

742.2

Fe3O4(s, magnetite)

1118.4

146.4

1015.4

FeCl2(s)

341.79

117.95

302.3

FeCl3(s)

399.49

142.3

344

FeS2(s, pyrite)

178.2

52.93

166.9

Fe(CO)5()

774

338.1

705.3

Lead

Pb(s)

0

64.81

0

PbCl2(s)

359.41

136

314.1

PbO(s, yellow)

217.32

68.7

187.89

PbS(s)

100.4

91.2

98.7

PbSO4(s)

919.94

148.57

813.14

PbCl4()

329.3

PbO2(s)

277.4

68.6

217.33

Lithium

Li(s)

0

29.12

0

Li+(g)

685.783

LiOH(s)

484.93

42.8

438.95

LiOH(aq)

508.48

2.8

450.58

LiCl(s)

408.701

59.33

384.37

Li2CO3(s)

1216.04

90.17

-1132.19

Magnesium

Mg(s)

0

32.68

0

Mg2+(aq)

466.85

138.1

454.8

MgCl2(g)

400.4

MgCl2(s)

641.32

89.62

591.79

MgCl2(aq)

801.15

25.1

717.1

MgO(s)

601.70

26.94

569.43

Mg(OH)2(s)

924.54

63.18

833.51

MgS(s)

346

50.33

341.8

MgSO4(s)

1284.9

91.6

1170.6

MgCO3(s)

1095.8

65.7

1012.1

Manganese

Mn(s)

0

32.0

0

Mn(g)

280.7

173.7

238.5

Mn2+(aq)

-220.8

-73.6

-228.1

MnO(s)

-385.2

59.71

-362.9

MnO2(s)

-520.03

53.05

-465.1

Mn2O3(s)

-958.97

110.46

-881.15

Mn3O4(s)

-1378.83

155.64

-1283.23

MnO4-(aq)

-541.4

191.2

-447.2

MnO42-(aq)

-653.0

59

-500.7

Mercury

Hg()

0

76.02

0

HgCl2(s)

224.3

146

178.6

HgO(s, red)

90.83

70.29

58.539

HgS(s, red)

58.2

82.4

50.6

Nickel

Ni(s)

0

29.87

0

NiO(s)

239.7

37.99

211.7

NiCl2(s)

305.332

97.65

259.032

Nitrogen

N2(g)

0

191.61

0

N2(aq)

10.8

N(g)

472.704

153.298

455.563

NH3(g)

46.11

192.45

16.45

NH3(aq)

80.29

111.3

26.50

NH4+(aq)

132.51

113.4

79.31

N2H4()

50.63

121.21

149.34

NH4Cl(s)

314.43

94.6

202.87

NH4Cl(aq)

299.66

169.9

210.52

NH4NO3(s)

365.56

151.08

183.87

NH4NO3(aq)

339.87

259.8

190.56

NO(g)

90.25

210.761

86.55

NO2(g)

33.18

240.06

51.31

N2O(g)

82.05

219.85

104.20

N2O4(g)

9.16

304.29

97.89

N2O4(ℓ)

19.50

209.2

97.54

NOCl(g)

51.71

261.69

66.08

HNO3()

174.10

155.60

80.71

HNO3(g)

135.06

266.38

74.72

HNO3(aq)

207.36

146.4

111.25

NO3(aq)

205.0

146.4

108.74

NF3(g)

124.7

260.73

83.2

Oxygen

O2(g)

0

205.138

0

O2(aq)

11.7

110.9

16.4

O(g)

249.170

161.055

231.731

O3(g)

142.7

238.93

163.2

OH(aq)

229.994

10.75

157.244

Phosphorus

P4(s, white)

0

164.36

0

P4(s, red)

70.4

91.2

48.4

P(g)

314.64

163.193

278.25

PH3(g)

5.4

310.23

13.4

PCl3(g)

287.0

311.78

267.8

PCl3()

319.7

217.1

272.3

PCl5(s)

443.5

P4O10(s)

2984.0

228.86

2697.7

H3PO4(s)

1279

110.5

1119.1

Potassium

K(s)

0

64.18

0

KF(s)

567.27

66.57

537.75

KCl(s)

436.747

82.59

409.14

KCl(aq)

419.53

159.0

414.49

KBr(s)

393.798

95.90

380.66

KI(s)

327.900

106.32

324.892

KClO3(s)

397.73

143.1

296.25

KOH(s)

424.764

78.9

379.08

KOH(aq)

482.37

91.6

440.5

Silicon

Si(s)

0

18.83

0

SiBr4()

457.3

277.8

443.8

SiC(s)

65.3

16.61

62.8

SiCl4(g)

657.01

330.73

616.98

SiH4(g)

34.3

204.62

56.9

SiF4(g)

1614.94

282.49

1572.65

SiO2(s, quartz)

910.94

41.84

856.64

Silver

Ag(s)

0

42.55

0

Ag+(aq)

105.579

72.68

77.107

Ag2O(s)

31.05

121.3

11.2

AgCl(s)

127.068

96.2

109.789

AgI(s)

61.84

115.5

66.19

AgN3(s)

620.60

99.22

591.0

AgNO3(s)

124.39

140.92

33.41

AgNO3(aq)

101.8

219.2

34.16

Sodium

Na(s)

0

51.21

0

Na(g)

107.32

153.712

76.761

Na+(g)

609.358

Na+(aq)

240.12

59.0

261.905

NaF(s)

573.647

51.46

543.494

NaF(aq)

572.75

45.2

540.68

NaCl(s)

411.153

72.13

384.138

NaCl(g)

176.65

229.81

196.66

NaCl(aq)

407.27

115.5

393.133

NaBr(s)

361.062

86.82

348.983

NaBr(aq)

361.665

141.4

365.849

NaI(s)

287.78

98.53

286.06

NaI(aq)

295.31

170.3

313.47

NaOH(s)

425.609

64.455

379.484

NaOH(aq)

470.114

48.1

419.15

NaClO3(s)

365.774

123.4

262.259

NaHCO3(s)

950.81

101.7

851.0

Na2CO3(s)

1130.68

134.98

1044.44

Na2SO4(s)

1387.08

149.58

1270.16

Sulfur

S(s, monoclinic)

0.33

S(s, rhombic)

0

31.80

0

S(g)

278.805

167.821

238.250

S2(aq)

33.1

14.6

85.8

S2Cl2(g)

18.4

331.5

31.8

SF6(g)

1209

291.82

1105.3

SF4(g)

774.9

292.03

731.3

H2S(g)

20.63

205.79

33.56

H2S(aq)

39.7

121

27.83

HS(aq)

17.6

62.8

12.08

SO2(g)

296.830

248.22

300.194

SO3(g)

395.72

256.76

371.06

SOCl2(g)

212.5

309.77

198.3

SO42(aq)

909.27

20.1

744.53

H2SO4()

813.989

156.904

690.003

H2SO4(aq)

909.27

20.1

744.53

HSO4(aq)

887.34

131.8

755.91

Tin

Sn(s, white)

0

51.55

0

Sn(s, gray)

2.09

44.14

0.13

SnCl2(s)

325.1

SnCl4()

511.3

258.6

440.1

SnCl4(g)

471.5

365.8

432.2

SnO2(s)

580.7

52.3

519.6

Titanium

Ti(s)

0

30.63

0

TiCl4()

804.2

252.34

737.2

TiCl4(g)

763.2

354.9

726.7

TiO2(s)

939.7

49.92

884.5

Uranium

U(s)

0

50.21

0

UO2(s)

1084.9

77.03

1031.7

UO3(s)

1223.8

96.11

1145.9

UF4(s)

1914.2

151.67

1823.3

UF6(g)

2147.4

377.9

2063.7

UF6(s)

2197.0

227.6

2068.5

Zinc

Zn(s)

0

41.63

0

ZnCl2(s)

415.05

111.46

369.398

ZnO(s)

348.28

43.64

318.3

ZnS(s, sphalerite)

205.98

57.7

201.29

From Wagman, D. D., Evans, W. H., Parker, V. B., Schumm, R. H., Halow, I., Bailey, S. M., Churney, K. L., and Nuttall, R., Journal of Physical and Chemical Reference Data, Vol. 11, Suppl. 2, 1982.
Many hydrogen-containing and oxygen-containing compounds are listed only under other elements.
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Chem 103/104 Resource Book by crlandis and Chem 104 Textbook Team is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.