D15.6 Copolymers

Some of the most commercially important addition polymers are copolymers, made by polymerizing a mixture of two or more monomers. For example, styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR), which is a copolymer of 1,3-butadiene and styrene mixed in about a 3:1 ratio.

Figure: Styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR). SBR consists of about a 3:1 ratio of 1,3-butadiene and styrene. Shown here is a single repeating unit of SBR, where the new C-C bonds formed during the polymerization process are highlighted in red.

The properties of a copolymer are distinctive. For instance, the properties of SBR are different from a mixture containing polybutadiene and polystyrene, no matter what the ratio of the mixture is. This is because individual polymer strands in SBR are different from individual strands in polybutadiene and polystyrene.

SBR was developed in the U.S. during World War II when important supplies of natural rubber were cut off. It is more resistant to abrasion and oxidation than natural rubber and can also be vulcanized. More than 40% of the synthetic rubber production is SBR, which is used in tire production. Several other types of rubber are copolymers, such as butyl rubber, which is copolymerized from 2-methylpropene (H2C=C(CH3)2) and a small percentage of isoprene.

Exercise: Monomer(s) from Polymer Structure

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