In Ngakarimojong, there are two ways of constructing adverbs and adjectives. In this lesson, I will focus on the more unique of these two methods: quality verbs. Rather than constituting a separate class of words, as adjectives do in English, quality verbs are conjugated like any other verb.
There are three classes of quality verbs:
- No suffixes
- Contains verbs formed by the reduplication of the root
Ededeng (To be fierce)
Adedeng: I am fierce
Idedeng: You are fierce
Ededeng: He/she/it is fierce
Ikidedeng: We are fierce
Idedeng: You (pl.) are fierce
Ededeng: They are fierce
Ikirereng iwon anerai emwana akolong: We are lucky because the sun is shining.
Egogong inges akilo daadang: She is stronger than everyone.
- The suffix ak/ok/iak/iok is added in the plural
Edit (To be small)
Adit: I am small
Idit: You are small
Edit: He/she/it is small
Ikidisyak: We are small
Idisyak: You (pl.) are small
Edisyak: They are small
Edisyak ngamesekin nguna elosete narii: The small sheep are going int the kraal.
Eroko ngikilyok ngulu abu torem ngaatuk kang: The men who raided my cows are bad.
- All verbs ending in -na or -no
- -na/-no become -ka/-ko in the plural
Eryono (To be black)
Eryono: I am black
Iryono: You are black
Iryono: He/she/it is black
Ikiryoko: We are black
Iryoko: You (pl.) are black
Iryoko: They are black
Epatana akiswom Ngakarimojong kerai itemyo iyong: Learning Ngakarimojong is easy if you try.
Ebangaana aate ngina abu tocakun nangolol: The stupid cow fell in the river.