Swahili

-ote & -o -ote

In Swahili, ‘all’ and ‘anything whatever’ are expressed with similar constructions using -ote. The concept of -ote is wholeness or completeness. It can be used with a noun or alone as a pronoun. It must always agree with the noun.

For -ote, singular is restricted:

  • Mwili wote waniuma- my whole body pains me.

It’s more common to be used in the plural:

  • Lete visu vyote– bring all the knives
  • Watu wote wamefika- all the people have come

-o -ote means ‘anything whatsoever’ or ‘anyone whosever’ and qualifies a noun or stands alone.

  • Watu wo wote: any people whatever
  • Viti vyo vyote: any chairs whatever
  • Lete kisu cho chote: bring any knife

 

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages by University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.