Luganda

The conditional in Luganda

How to use the conditional

The conditional is especially used following “if…” statements and when expressing a counterfactual. It is also used as “would” or “could” is in English.

How to construct the conditional

The conditional is fairly easy to construct, in that it is standardized for verbs of all endings.

Simply use the past-tense subject prefix for the subject marker, add in -andi- and then finish the word with the modified stem.

Past tense subject prefix + andi + modified verb stem

So, for example:

Nkola (I do) —> Nnandikoze (I would do)

Oyagala (you like) —> Wandiyagadde (you would like)

Alya (she eats) —> Yandilidde (she would eat)

Tutuuka (we arrive) —> Twandituuse (we would arrive)

Mutambala (you [plural] walk) —> Mwanditambudde (you would walk)

Bawa (they give) —> Bandiwadde (they would give)

Practice!

Practice using the conditional with this worksheet.

License

Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages by University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.