The conditional in Luganda
How to use the conditional
The conditional is especially used following “if…” statements and when expressing a counterfactual. It is also used as “would” or “could” is in English.
How to construct the conditional
The conditional is fairly easy to construct, in that it is standardized for verbs of all endings.
Simply use the past-tense subject prefix for the subject marker, add in -andi- and then finish the word with the modified stem.
Past tense subject prefix + andi + modified verb stem
So, for example:
Nkola (I do) —> Nnandikoze (I would do)
Oyagala (you like) —> Wandiyagadde (you would like)
Alya (she eats) —> Yandilidde (she would eat)
Tutuuka (we arrive) —> Twandituuse (we would arrive)
Mutambala (you [plural] walk) —> Mwanditambudde (you would walk)
Bawa (they give) —> Bandiwadde (they would give)