Manding (Bambara, Dyula, & Malinké)

Short Text for Verb Practice in Dyula

Read the story and answers the questions below. If you have any queries about the verb structures, review the Super Seven in Manding page!

Musa bɛ bala fɛ

Cɛ dun. A tɔgɔ Musa. A bɛ bɔ Ameriki. A seginin bɛ Chicago. Musa bɛ bala fɔ karan fɛ, nga bala tɛ a fɛ. Bala karamɔgɔ tɛ a fɛ fana. Teri bɛ Musa fɛ. A tɔgɔ Drissa. Drissa bɛ bɔ Farafinna, nga sisan a seginin bɛ Atlanta. Drissa ye Musa ta jula-kan karamɔgɔ ye. Bala bɛ Drissa fɛ, nga bala kelen dɔrɔn bɛ a fɛ. Musa bɛ na taga Farafinna. A bɛ na bala fire yan fe.


Bala = balafon (instrument)

fo = to speak; to play an instrument

Karan = to study

fana = also

Farafinna = Africa

kelen = one (1)

dɔrɔn = only

ta = possessive marker

bɛ na taga = will go

yan fe = (over) there

Comprehension Check

Time to see how much you understood! Try to answer the following questions. Remember that while Dyula has verbs markers that are few and small, their positioning in a sentence can change its meaning.

*wa = particle for yes or no question

  1. Bala bɛ Musa fɛ wa?
  2. Musa bɛ bala fɛ wa?
  3. Bala bɛ Drissa fɛ wa?
  4. Musa bɛ bɔ mini?
  5. Drissa seginin bɛ mini?
  6. Musa bɛ na taga mini?



If you need help answering these questions, consult the translations below:



  1. Does Musa have a balafon?
  2. Does Musa want a balafon?
  3. Does Drissa have a balafon?
  4. Where is Musa from?
  5. Where does Drissa live?
  6. Where is Musa going?






Icon for the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

Resources for Self-Instructional Learners of Less Commonly Taught Languages Copyright © by University of Wisconsin-Madison Students in African 671 is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License, except where otherwise noted.